How to install and connect electric hob and oven

A popular attribute of the modern kitchen - built-in hob and oven. In recent times more and more consumers prefer the electric models that gas counterparts superior in functionality. Install the appliances will own. The main thing - correctly calculate the location of the installation and care of high-quality wiring that can withstand high load power lines.

  1. Wiring Requirements connecting kitchen appliances
  2. Installation and commissioning of the hob
    • Preparation of the site for the installation of
    • Layout and select a connection method
    • Instructions hob connection
  3. The types of built-in closets on the installation method
  4. Mounting and connection of the oven
    • Calculating size "boxes" under the oven
    • Installation and connection to the mains
  5. Selection of kitchen appliances: expert advice
  6. Hob Electric: repair their own hands

Wiring Requirements connecting kitchen appliances

Before installing a brass plate or hob should pay special attention to the quality of the wiring. It is necessary to take into account the key points:

  1. Connection of the oven and the hob must be performed through the electrical grounding. Compliance with this condition is easy to check - in the socket / plug the device should be three or five electrical contacts for 220V and 380V, respectively. In older buildings, this requirement is not always fulfilled. It is therefore necessary to lay a new cable. Electrical wiring must be connected to the junction box through RCD (residual current device).
  2. Connecting low power equipment (about 2.5 kW) can be made available to the network that satisfies the above described requirements. Under high power ovens or cookers assembling desirable to separate line.
  3. Recommended cable section - 6 mm.kv. This conductor cope with a long load of 10 kW. Optimum protection class machine - C 32. When installing the oven or hob embedded electrical power up to 8 kW can save a little away and 4 mm thick cable machine - C 25.
  4. A suitable type of cable - NYM or VVGng. When you purchase should definitely check out the diameter of the conductor. For a wire thickness of 4 mm it should be 2.26 mm, for cable 6 mm - 2.76 mm.
  5. Parameters RCD one item must exceed the nominal circuit breaker. For example, to machine 32 And it is necessary to connect the RCD is 40 A.

Important! Grounding electrical appliance ensures the safe operation of the device.

Installation and commissioning of the hob

Preparation of the site for the installation of

Tapping the panel on the kitchen countertop will need the following tools:

  • electric drill;
  • screwdriver;
  • electric jigsaw;
  • Construction knife;
  • Ruler and pencil;
  • silicone sealant.

Installing an electric hob with their hands in the following order:

  1. Measure the dimensions of the basic techniques or see the information provided in the instructions supplied with the equipment. As a rule, the documentation specifies the minimum side worktops. Their extremely reduce undesirable because during operation material can break off.
  2. On the table to draw the contours of placing embedded plates.
  3. Drill a hole which will serve as a starting point of cut.
  4. Set in a sawing jigsaw with a fine tooth comb, cut it out and grind for markup slice.
  5. Clean the surface of the chips and make the hob.
  6. Slice process sealant or cover self-adhesive sealant. To protect tabletops of temperature fluctuations is further desirable to use an aluminum tape.

Next steps - installation surface of the prepared hole and connecting to the electric lines art according to the scheme.

For reference. Detailed wiring diagram is shown with the back side of the electric hob (burner, embedded).

Layout and select a connection method

input circuitry for use cooking panels and ovens in apartment buildings require the use of a single phase - 220V network. In the private sector it is sometimes advisable to arrange a three-phase network - such connection redistributes the load in the operation of several burners on the 3 phases.

Designation in the diagram:

  • 1L, 2L, 3L - phase;
  • N - neutral conductor;
  • land code or PE - earthing of the appliance.

Connecting the hob to the power supply is performed by one of the following: a plug / or power plug with the terminal box.

In the first version it is necessary to correctly choose the socket and plug. Plate 7-8 kW power corresponds to a current 32-38 A plug must maintain wiring section 4-6 mm.kv. Often to connect the hob connector using RSH / HS-32. Such a bundle is applicable in one-, two- and three-phase network.

Council. It is advisable to use ready-made kit, as the fork of one manufacturer may not be suitable for another outlet.

Preference is better to give a white plastic models - they are better than black karbolitovymi. Structural elements are no different, the order of the connection are the same.

Connection via terminal many consider a simpler and more reliable. On the plate of thermosetting plastic are several pairs of contacts and screw clamps. Wiring connected to two opposite sides, observing the color code. Terminal blocks are selected according to the power appliance.

Instructions hob connection

Commissioning electric panel box through terminal outlets depends on the number line phase. If the three-wire cable is laid, then apply 1-phase wiring diagram:

  • copper jumpers connect terminals №1, №2 and №3; connected thereto phase conductor (black, white or brown);
  • zeros (№4 and №5) connected to zero (blue) wire;
  • to PE (ground) to connect the appropriate yellow-green wire.

When the two-phase four-wire connection is used. Their connection is made as follows:

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  • wire №1 and №2 bridged, connect them phase conductor;
  • №3 terminal to connect a second phase conductor;
  • №4 №5 terminals and interconnect by a bridge, then connect to them neutral conductor;
  • fasten the earth wire.

Five-core cable is used for three-phase connection. In this case, the terminal №1, №2 and №3 connect with three phase conductors, the subsequent procedure is similar to the previous one.

Connection Algorithm power plug to the cooking surfaces of kitchen:

  • Disassemble fork by loosening the fixing screw.
  • The mechanism of the connector to lay cable and clamp it braces.
  • Remove the wires with insulation of 1-1.5 cm and clean veins.
  • Secure the wiring terminals in the plug according to the scheme. Bare wires do not have to go outside the terminal.
  • Collect the plug housing and tighten the screw.

Connecting an electric hob with his own hands: video

The types of built-in closets on the installation method

According to a method of installing recessed ovens are divided into independent and dependent. Functionally, they do not differ among themselves, but the installation of several different technologies.

Dependent models are supplied with one set of the hob. Working areas are connected by wires, have a single control panel which is usually located on the front of the oven. Dependent cabinets are compact, which is especially important for small kitchens. However, when buying it is necessary to consider that in case of failure of the control panel no longer work, both devices.

Independently have the ability to install separate from the cooking surface. Such a device will be placed anywhere in the kitchen.

Distinctive features of independent models:

  • unlimited choice of location for installation of the oven;
  • the opportunity to refuse the hob - modern models are equipped with oven cooking functions for a couple, defrost, etc .;
  • the high cost of equipment.

Mounting and connection of the oven

Calculating size "boxes" under the oven

Manufacturers have developed a single kitchen appliances standard that allows to easily install the oven housing section assigned to the headset. The main thing with the installation - adjust the position of the evenness of the oven. Minor misalignments may reduce the effectiveness of heating. Leveling is done by adjusting the height of the legs, used to control the building level.

To protect the device from overheating and premature failure of the installation should take into account a number of nuances:

  • the optimal distance from the base body to the floor - 8 cm, but not less than 5 cm;
  • air gap around the perimeter of oven - 5 cm;
  • distance to the rear wall - 4 cm.

Important! Connecting an electric oven cabinet through extension forbidden. It is necessary to provide a separate outlet.

Installation and connection to the mains

After preparing the site and "fitting" for the installation of the oven can begin to connect to the mains. If the plate does not exceed the capacity of 3.5 kW, it can be connected via a conventional outlet. Otherwise it is necessary to pay more attention to the new wiring and choice of outlet.

Connection procedure:

  1. Disconnect the power supply.
  2. If the oven is not on the cord is stretched, it is necessary to remove the housing cover, opening access to the terminal block.
  3. Choose the desired section of the cable and connect the wires to the appropriate terminals. Compound carried out using jumpers. Detailed wiring connection diagram is shown in the instructions to the technique.
  4. Run cable interfacing with circuit breaker and RCD - these elements must be mounted separately to the electric oven.
  5. To connect the oven to the RCD and the machine will require a copper cable with a diameter of 4 mm. Connection is made by the standard procedure.

Hob Electric: repair their own hands

The most common fault is electric panel - unit does not heat up or does not work, one of the burners. In this case, self-elimination of breakage is reduced to the following actions:

  1. Check the voltage at the outlet. Often it comes down this elektrotochka.
  2. Inspect the plug and cord. Upon detection of mechanical damage and replace the plug is sufficient.
  3. If the previous steps have not solved the problem, it is necessary to remove the hob. Pre-need to disconnect the wires and remove the mounting bracket.
  4. Check the functionality of the transformer and thermal fuse. This will require a multimeter. In the absence of voltage, or its difference from the nominal - install new elements.
  5. Check the connection wires at all points: switches, the control block or thermoregulator burners.

Council. Affordable alternative multimeter - Indicator Screwdriver.

The most common causes of failure of electric hob 2, 3 and 4-burner:

  • blown fuse due to power surges - installation of protective devices on the network overvoltage solve this problem;
  • an open circuit on PETN leads to breakage of one of the burners;
  • failure of the sensor - the result of improper care and use;
  • overheating of the surface - Faulty thermostat.

Selection of kitchen appliances: expert advice

When choosing the hob is necessary to compare the main parameters of the technology:

  1. Determine need dependent or independent plate. In the first case, the range of goods is significantly reduced.
  2. The second important point selection plate manufacturing material in general and in particular burners. Cast iron spiral inexpensive but long heated and energy consumption. Many believe that the best electric hobs - a glass-ceramic. Their main advantages: design creativity and high heating rate. Progressive option glass ceramics - induction surface, characterized by energy efficiency.
  3. Functional plate. Availability of additional options makes cooking faster and more convenient. Well, if the hob is equipped with: timer, heating function, standby power and protection tripping.
  4. Number of burners is determined from the intensity of use of the kitchen stove and dimensions. Hob electric 4-burner - the classic version, suitable for families, accustomed to eat regularly at home. Everything for a small work area, you can choose a compact 2-burner model.

Electric cooktops: any better. Reviews and advice the choice of the working surface.