Attaching the wall cabinets to the wall

All modern kitchen sets have in the complete wall cabinets. They allow you to save space, having a good capacity. Located at eye level, these lockers are very convenient in operation and they are always filled with a lot of things, creating a serious strain on the hinged mechanisms. Therefore it is very important to produce reliable and high quality fasteners to the cabinet wall.

Soderazhnie:

  1. Selecting the sample enclosure height
  2. Existing mechanisms sample cabinets
    • Mounting plate
    • Furniture hinges
  3. The design of the cupboard rear wall
  4. How to attach the cabinet to the wall with a mounting plate
    • Preparatory work
    • Instruments
    • How to fix the cabinet to the wall - step by step guide

Selecting the sample enclosure height

Before you start to mount wall cabinets to the wall, you need to choose the right height for their sample. It is determined on the basis of the main criterion - growth kitchen owner. The average distance of about 50-60 cm from the tabletop to the bottom wall cabinets. According to state standards, this value attain to the level of 45 cm.

In the case where the positioning hanging lockers required over the refrigerator or on the high oven, then the height of these objects and determines the desired level of sample cabinets.

Existing mechanisms sample cabinets

The application of modern fastening accessories greatly simplifies the work, which is associated with the sample of kitchen cabinets. It allows you to fix some errors in the application of marking and increases the strength of the whole structure. In this effort it will take quite a bit, and all the work can be done independently, without anyone's help.
For fixing the cabinet to the wall, mostly used specially prepared rack and a device called a hitch.

Hinge equipped with a hook, which is mounted inside the cabinet to the side wall and remains invisible from the outside.

Mounting plate

The first way is the linkage to the mounting plate.

Advantages of this method:

  • all the work may well be performed by one person, so there is no need to support the cabinet, when done counting. This greatly simplifies the task, and also allows to hang cabinets with high accuracy;
  • thanks to the special adjustment screws, cabinet layout can be changed by making them higher-lower, and is also close to the wall or out of it. This mechanism allows almost precisely align the cabinet, it is quite difficult, and using conventional hinges and is not always possible;

  • on the bus for mounting the cabinet are specially made notches, through which can easily adjust its length;
  • all necessary installation can be carried out even when the kitchen apron is already attached;
  • no need to use the curb for alignment;
  • quite simply do not only track mounting, but also to dismantle. Basically Hitch kitchen cabinets, in a way, in less than 1.5 hours.

Disadvantages:

  • primarily the high cost of the entire set, which includes the mounting rail and hitch. But it is not so serious problem, given that as a result of saving a lot of time;
  • another disadvantage of this method is that due to gapping of the cabinet to the wall in the upper portion slight clearance noticeable.

Furniture hinges

The second method is more affordable, but it will take longer, in addition, require additional assistance. It loops and the fastening elements to be used.

Initially the upper bound is determined and applied to the horizontal line along the length of all cabinets that suspend required.

Then, the level is determined by the accuracy of her face (there are cases where the result is distorted due to uneven floor).

On the resulting line indicated first point is a hole using a drill or puncher and installed fasteners. Then the cabinet is taken, and temporarily suspended in order to determine the location of the next fixture with absolute precision. It should not be guided by only one incised line, but the flatness of the enclosure is necessary to check the level.

All subsequent process is similar. When all cabinets are attached and their positions verified level, you can proceed to compound them in upholstery screws between themselves. The final stage of work is the installation connecting the decorative cornice, which is screwed to the upper base by means of screws.


Now just hang facades, install shelves to see whether the doors are working properly, and if need be, correct the error by using the adjustment screws. This whole process requires concentration and good attention, as well as astute assistant, without the help of which is rather difficult to correctly calculate the required distance under the fastener.

The design of the cupboard rear wall

Progress from the weight will depend on the design of the rear wall of the wall cabinets.


In the first case the rear wall is nailed onto nails and has no recesses. Therefore, when attachment to the mounting bracket, the upper part will not fit tightly, and the cabinet will sloping. To avoid this, the bottom of the cabinet should be provided for the indentation, which corresponds to the width of the mounting plate. To do this, you can nail a thin rail, or to calculate the height of its sample so that he "came" to the kitchen apron. In the latter case, the fasteners should be made already during a kitchen apron.

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In the second case the rear wall is attached with the recess.

This design wall cabinets is more convenient, as it allows them not only to hang in overlap on the kitchen apron, but the butt. But when installing cabinets without overlap, it is important that the apron was located perfectly flat, so even a slight misalignment immediately rushed into the eyes.

How to attach the cabinet to the wall with a mounting plate

Preparatory work

  • It is desirable to have smooth walls aligned;
  • if the operation performed on the kitchen corner, the angle formed by walls must be exactly 90 degrees;
  • all work on the electrical installation, placement outlets for drawing the conclusions of the upper lamps must be completed;
  • It also follows immediately to prepare the wall, which will be hung cabinets. It should be painted or covered with wallpaper and advance to fix a kitchen apron. Since the established wardrobes do all this will be extremely difficult.

Instruments


To qualitatively hang kitchen cabinets at hand, you must have the following tools:

  • Drill - may be electrical or manual. It is necessary to drill holes for fasteners. If you have to work on a retaining wall, it will need a drill or punch with this function;
  • level;
  • roulette;
  • screwdriver;
  • a hammer;
  • clamp - an auxiliary tool, which will be required, if desired, to connect boxes together to create the effect of solidity of the whole structure;
  • if the installation is performed on the anchor, it will need sootvetsvubschego wrench size;
  • and of course, that the need to prepare the required number of fasteners. To fix the batches of the cabinets needed screws (as a rule, manufacturers of components of wall cabinets). To fix the tire mounted to the wall will need screws and plugs. If desired, you can buy a special tie to secure the cabinets to each other.

How to fix the cabinet to the wall - step by step guide

In the first place by means of adjusting screws necessary to fix the hooks in the middle position. After that their inside is attached on the side walls so that the hook peeking out only 2-3 millimeters and can freely cling fastening bar.
Now you are ready to spray marks on the wall. It should be guided by the basic rules:

  • if the location of the wall cabinets depends on the large kitchen appliances or tall objects, then at the time of the markup they definitely need to put into place;
  • by an addition to the mounting rail, it is necessary to know in advance whether the cabinets installed overlapping on the kitchen apron, or is it close to him;
  • fastening strap should be positioned below the upper edge of the section of 3-4 cm. In order to calculate this distance, it is necessary to attach the strap to the rear of the enclosure, so it will be mounted on the wall. Then it will be clearly visible, how many centimeters is required to take into account when applying the final markup.


Taking all of these recommendations, with the help of the level applied two lines, starting from the kitchen angle into account. Of these, one line shows the upper edge of the curtain rail, and the second represents the top cabinets.
Tip: In order to determine the horizontal position of the cabinets is better to use level, and did not measure the distance from the ceiling or the floor, as a consequence of error may occur. Even if there is confidence that the ceiling or the floor smooth enough, not worth the risk, otherwise you'll have to redo all the work from scratch.

Top edge strip is pressed against the prepared marking lines (Low) and make the required number of marks for fixing hole.

If the walls are solid and have a good load-bearing capacity, it is possible to split the rail into small pieces of 15 cm, and each one set in those places where shelters are located. But if there is even the slightest doubt as to the strength of the walls, it is not necessary to divide the rail, but on the contrary, is more resistant to fix it to a larger number of fasteners.

Further, a certain drill diameter, in the wall neatly made small hole to install the rack. Below we set out some basic guidelines:

  • one can often encounter such a problem, when in the beginning of the drilling the drill bit as it jumps. To eliminate this discomfort small recesses are made in the drilling field. They are made using a hammer blow on the piercer or by its absence, in sturdy nail;
  • if during drilling the wall crumbles, then to start is to make a hole slightly smaller diameter, and then expand its drill size. Thus, it turns out much more carefully;
  • to measure the depth of drilling, taken harvested dowel is applied to drill and accurately stored desired distance. If the hole has already been done and it was the turn hammer plug into it, you have to make sure that the depth is sufficient. Too deep the hole will do the job uncomfortable;
  • in the concrete wall hard enough to drill a hole, even using a drill with pobeditovym tip. Therefore, in the absence of the punch need not strong pair of piercer hammer blows;
  • during work, particular attention should be paid to places where wiring passes.

Then holes are driven accurately dowels and fasteners installed on the mounting rail. On it, with the help of sample, mounted cabinets. Their status is governed by screws, which are equipped with hinged mechanisms.

To create the effect of the cabinet in the wall need to tightly connect them with each other. To do this, they need to fix the clamps in pairs, starting from the corner of the cabinet. In order not to spoil their surface, should put a wooden wedge between the cabinet and clamp.

Next, a hole is drilled intersectional coupler connected between cabinets. When drilling through to the chipboard, often chipped.

To prevent this problem, you need to apply one of the two following methods:

  • in places where comes the drill, it is necessary to strongly press down a piece of wood (the thicker, the better);
  • initially drilled a fine through-hole and then drill the desired diameter, it expands on both sides.

In this mounting wall cabinets complete, it remains only to install shelves, secure the doors and adjust them with the screws that are on the hinges.