Processing Garden from Pests: features spring treatment

Spring warmth awakens all life from hibernation, including the insects hidden in the winter under the fallen leaves in the soil or under the bark of trees. At this time, it is time for gardeners hard work. Before the plant finally wake up, you need to clean the garden from plant debris, remove the cover in a timely manner to make the necessary vaccinations, health and formative pruning and grafting. But the most important thing is to preserve the health and beauty of horticultural crops and expect a rich harvest of berries and fruit, it is necessary to protect the trees, bushes and strawberry planting by harmful insects. The article focuses on the processing of the spring garden.

Content:

  1. Chemical treatment Spring Garden
  2. Garden Treatment against pests in the spring of biological agents
    • Recipes decoctions and infusions for the treatment of the garden in spring
  3. Features spring treatment of fruit and berry plantations
    • Pest of fruit trees in spring
    • Processing of shrubs
    • raspberry Processing
    • Processing strawberry beds
    • Spring protection of ornamental plants
    • Spring disinfection of greenhouses

Chemical treatment Spring Garden

Unfortunately, we have recognized that the effectiveness of the use of chemical processing for garden much higher than when using folk remedies or laborious collecting caterpillars and beetles manually.

  • The good effect for the destruction of insect pests gives a two-single spring spraying horticultural plantings. The first garden treatment is carried out before flowering. To do this, you can use malathion or keltan. After 10 days, as soon as trees and shrubs ottsvetut, processing is repeated. It is also possible to process garden and other toxic agents, for example, "Marshal", "Nero", "Decis".

  • In lesions trees and shrubs fungal diseases, and also for the prevention of such diseases recommend spring treat copper-containing solution formulation garden - Bordeaux mixture "Homa" or "Oksihoma". The copper-containing drugs, do not use more often than once a year, either in the spring or in the fall after the removal of the crop.
  • The advantages of applying chemicals (pesticides) Garden processing is their rapid action and duration time saving effect. In addition, three weeks complete decomposition of chemicals occurs at a processing day. Therefore, the danger of the event for future harvest excluded.
  • However, in this issue growers should exercise extreme caution and precision to perform the manufacturer's instructions on the use of any chemical agents. After all, with excessive enthusiasm for chemistry in the garden, you can harm your health and the plants themselves.
  • In order to avoid unpleasant consequences from possible contact with chemical solutions, with garden spray, be sure to use a respirator or gauze, gloves and goggles. Compliance with treatment terms, dosage and safety measures recommended by the manufacturer will guarantee that the garden plants after processing retain their vitality and human and animal health will not be anything to threaten.

Garden Treatment against pests in the spring of biological agents

  • The increasing popularity among gardeners acquire funds for the destruction of insect pests using biological organisms: bacteria, viruses, fungi and soil microorganisms - biologics. Although the effectiveness of these funds is slightly lower than that of pesticides. But these drugs are more environmentally friendly.
  • Spring processing horticultural plantings carried biologics "fitoverm", "Aktofitom" or "barrier." Spraying performed twice: the first time, long before flowering, the second time - when swollen flower buds.

Flow Table phytoverm

  • A long time - a long time, when the chemicals that kill pests, there was no trace of the people used decoctions and infusions from plants that have a deterrent effect on harmful insects. It is also a means of biological crop protection.

Recipes decoctions and infusions for the treatment of the garden in spring

Gardeners who do not want to deal with chemistry, prefer to protect your garden plants tincture and decoction prepared by popular recipes:

  • In a half-liter glass jar was placed garlic, preground on a processor or using the grinder. Topped jar with water and insist in a dark place. A week later, the contents of the filter into another glass container and tightly closed. For treatment of plants in a bucket of water was added 50 g of infusion.

  • Spray berry ridges can be used infusion of roots and herbs dandelions, the benefit of spring is always full. The bucket of water heated to about 50 degrees, placed about 300 g of crushed dandelions and insist about 3 hours. To enhance the effect, there you can add a few sprigs of celandine. Bucket need something to cover, so that it cools down a little longer. Spray infusion is filtered.
  • To prepare tobacco infusion It will need 250 grams of tobacco dust, which is added to a bucket of water. The mixture insisting of about 2 hours, and then filtered. For better adhesion to the surface of the leaves are added to the infusion of 40g of dark soap.
  • Decoctions of potato and tomato tops help fight aphids, spider mites, caterpillars, codling plodozherkoy and other pests of trees and bushes, spraying is carried out after the flowering period. To prepare the tool will need about 1 kg of dried potato tops or tomatoes. Thrifty gardeners for spring harvest spraying the tops in the fall. She put in a bucket of water, 3.5 - 4 hours insist, and then bring to a boil on low heat for half an hour boil. Next, the broth is filtered through cheesecloth.
  • Infusion of mustard powder used for spraying after flowering of fruit plants against caterpillars, sawflies, moth, codling plodozherki. Half cup mustard powder 2 days soaked in a bucket of water. Then, the infusion is filtered. For spraying liquid must be diluted 2 times with water.
  • dry sagebrush decoction is used for repelling aphids, moths, gooseberry moth, caterpillars and other insects sucker. Dry sagebrush can be purchased in a pharmacy or prepared in the fall. In half a bucket of water is boiled for 15 minutes, 1 kg of dry grass, then cooled and added infused chicken manure (1 kg of manure per day infused 3-4 liters of water). The mixture was filtered and made up to a volume of 10 l.

Features spring treatment of fruit and berry plantations

Pest of fruit trees in spring

  • Measures to protect pear, apple and other fruit trees is carried out in stages. The first stage in March crown form trunks and purified from lichen and old cortical nodules. If found under the bark rot, then the place to be treated is cleaned with a sharp knife to healthy wood and daubed Vitriol and garden pitch. Likewise receives detection insect larvae hibernating in the cracks under the bark.
  • At the same time clean and loosen the tree trunks, the trees are sprayed with chemicals, lime trunks to avoid sunburn. As the protective agent, you can use "Oleokupritom" means to kill overwintering insects (aphids, sucker, ticks, mites, scale insects).

  • In April, when buds start swelling, trunks tied trapping zones for catching moth and apple blossom weevil, and the trees are sprayed, for example, "Benzofosfatom", which is a contact insecticide. Duration of action is about a month. This drug is almost not harmful to pollinating insects.
  • During the flowering of any drug treatment is stopped. So how can suffer pollinating insects. At this time should be agro-technical measures: hoeing and weeding near barrel circles.
  • When trees ottsvetut, the third spraying is carried out against harmful insects, using biological or chemical agents.

Processing of shrubs

  • Currant bushes and gooseberry in the garden begin to wake up early fruit trees. Therefore, it is advisable to first process is shrubs. Before using chemicals, first make sanitary pruning and shaping. At the same time reveal the branches infected sesiidae - ie branch with a black heart, as well as the dry twigs, struck bud moth. Patients cut branches to ground level and is required to burn.

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  • It is also necessary to remove the swollen kidneys, which is located CECIDOPHYOPSIS RIBIS. The good effect for combating noxious insects gives a hot shower from a watering can (to + 70C). This procedure should be subjected to the bushes until the swelling of the buds and leaves.
  • Once the snow melts, topsoil tree trunks desirable to conceal roofing material or a black film, pre-clearing the last year of foliage and ground proryhlit under bushes. This is done in order to close the pests and their larvae emerge out of the upper layers of the soil. All the old foliage burn. At the end of flowering clean shelter.
  • Before blooming flower bushes were sprayed with chemical or biological means to kill mites, bud moths, aphids and other insect pests.

  • If the bushes are observed warty growths, it testifies to the defeat of acacia Coccidae. The larvae of this pest emerge from the eggs laid by the females under the build-up, they feed on plant juices. In severe cases may die bush. These bushes in early spring it is advisable to treat the nitrofen.
  • Shrubs affected anthracosis - fungal disease in which there is a premature defoliation of leaves brownish, which greatly weakens the plant in early spring is treated with copper-containing drugs.
  • At the time of occurrence of the buds bushes treated "Aktelikom", "Aktar" or "fitoverm". The event will significantly reduce the number of currant gall midges, bud mite, sawfly and other pests.
  • At the end of flowering berry bushes treated with 0.5% solution of urea to prevent fungal diseases. And aphids, mites, sprout midge and other pests are struggling with using biological products and tobacco infusion.

raspberry Processing

The most common pest raspberries raspberry beetle is wintering in the soil and crawl out to the outside to the middle of May. If you do not hold a spring treatment of raspberries, then multiplied beetle larvae make berry Worms. Significantly reduce the yield of raspberry and raspberries can spider mite.

  • In order to control pests in the spring should be carefully remove all the dry leaves under the raspberry bushes and proryhlit soil. You should also cut broken and weak shoots, shortened the top 10 - 15 cm.

  • As soon as the shoots begin to swell the kidney, bushes treated with a solution malathion prepared according to the instructions. You can use the "Aktelikom" or other biological product. Also raspberry beetles collected and manually flicking them on a bed of the film. Bushes affected and spotting anthracosis, Bordeaux mixture sprayed.
  • When buds appear, you can sprinkle raspberry infusion of tansy. To prepare 500 g charge of dry plants and poured half a bucket of water. 2 days later the infusion is boiled for half an hour, and then filtered. Then diluted with the same amount of cold water and abundantly sprayed landing, without forgetting to treat the soil.

Processing strawberry beds

  • Ridge with strawberries must be cleaned from the last year's foliage and weeds, then good proryhlit. To prevent botrytis planting should be well ventilated, so in the spring they need to thin out by removing bad overwintered weak bushes. If you do not carry out these technical measures, is due to gray mold can lose up to 30% of the crop, especially in the wet summer.

  • Experienced strawberry growers recommend shed water heated to about 65 ° C by adding a few crystals of potassium permanganate. The solution should be pale pink. Water should pour a mug to the center outlet. This treatment significantly reduces the number of spider mites and weevils. With the rot, leaf spot, powdery mildew can deal spraying bushes Bordeaux mixture.
  • In April, with the appearance of young leaves, strawberries treated "Aktofitom" or "fitoverm" to kill spider mites. And when they begin to form flower buds are struggling with weevils, leaf rollers and sawflies using "Antitlina" tobacco decoction or infusion of dandelions.

Spring protection of ornamental plants

  • Perennial ornamental shrubs that adorn the garden, also need protection against pests and diseases, as well as other horticultural crops. Therefore, the list of spring work in the garden in relation to ornamental plants it is necessary to enable the removal of the winter shelter, cleaned soil from the old foliage, sanitary and formative pruning, treatment with a chemical or biological means.
  • While not dissolve kidney plants affected scab, spotting, black rot or cancer treated with Bordeaux mixture, chorus or other preparation containing copper. Against overwintering pests Shrubs can be sprayed with the drug №30, fundazol or karbofosom.
  • To save it from root rot and other diseases bulb flowers, they are soaked in a solution or fundazol fitosporin.

Spring disinfection of greenhouses

  • Greenhouses are also required to be disinfected, pre-clearing them from the last year's crop residues: haulm spoiled fruits and weeds. Garter material used in the last season, it is better to burn as in the piece of twine and rope, pathogens may overwinter on the stakes and rails.
  • The next step is to wash the inner surface of greenhouses soapy water using a brush and then rinsed with clean water from a hose. Wooden rack, beams and shelves should be treated with a solution of bleach.

  • A few days before transplanting need to carry out fumigation greenhouse sulfur checkers. This decontamination is carried out behind closed doors and transoms. Checkers are arranged on a metal stand and set on fire. The amount of sulfur checkers calculated according to the manufacturer's instructions depending on the scope of the greenhouse. 4 days after the sulfur fumigation greenhouse well ventilated.
  • As a result, the spring greenhouse disinfection significantly decreases the risk of fungal diseases and lesions crop pests.