Repair toilet cistern with their hands

Inherent attributes of a comfortable stay are customary for the good of human civilization, such as ergonomic furnishings, a stable water supply, well-planned lighting and plumbing working without interruption. Correct operation of all the equipment listed above is taken for granted, and failure is almost always comes as a surprise, bringing a lot of trouble. Most often, the object of attention become homeowners plumbing, and to ensure its smooth functioning, you need to take care of its proper installation, implying strong connection pipes and hoses, damage to fasteners and gaskets. If plumbing is operated for a long period of time, a necessary condition for its smooth running of routine inspections are to enable timely detect wear reinforcement due to inadequate quality of the water. Timely maintenance of sanitary equipment will prevent flooding of their homes and the homes of your neighbors. In the event of breakage of sanitary equipment, the best way is to call a plumber who quickly and efficiently eliminate breakage. If you are unable to call the master, you can carry out independent repair toilet cistern, whose technology is not complicated.

The principle of the toilet device Basics

To understand the failure and find the best way to fix the problem, it is necessary to examine the theoretical basis of devices of the sanitary equipment and to understand how the discharge of water in the toilet bowl. Regardless of the design features of the toilet, any model is characterized by the presence of two main parts - a bowl placed on the floor or mounted on the wall, and the water tank is located at the top. It is this capacity and a cistern. In the water draining operation based on the principle of "hydraulic lock", implying flushing water flow under gravity by pressing the button (lever) facilitates the opening of the plug.

Differences flushing cisterns for toilets: classification cisterns

Modern plumbing market offers the consumer a wide choice of different dispensing devices belonging to different types and kinds. There are many varieties of flushing cisterns, which may be classified in accordance with a plurality of features presented below.

Location tank relative to the toilet bowl

The traditional way to install toilets, not losing its relevance today, involves the creation of continuous construction, uniting the tank and the toilet in a single unit. The advantage of this method of installation is no need to mount the discharge pipe linking the toilet bowl and the cistern.

Despite the advantages and reliability of the traditional method of installation, are gaining popularity hidden structure and suspended toilets. The first option is ideal for apartments renovated. It involves the installation of the toilet tank into the wall so that it becomes completely invisible. System Startup is performed by pressing a special button on the panel.

Suspended construction - another new-fangled way to install toilets, implying the suspension of the toilet tank at a certain height from the toilet bowl. A special feature of this design is the strong water pressure, ensuring an effective drain. However, it also has disadvantages, one of which - the excessive noise that is generated in the process of draining the water. Despite the existence of shortcomings, in general, such structures are considered as one of the most practical and convenient, and their appearance will be an excellent complement to the interior, executed in a retro style.

The main types of triggers

The most common types of triggers are push-button and stem the drain device, proven as one of the most reliable and robust systems. Pushbutton flushing mechanisms are most relevant for the flushing cisterns closed. Their main element - the button is located on the side of the bowl drain or in the center. Distinguish between single- and dual-mode push-button mechanism. The latter implies the presence of two buttons: one of them drain completely, and the second half. Such a principle of the device will save water when required. A similar principle of operation of the drain device, and may be implemented by a single button, if the amount of fusion of water is determined by the degree of pressing the button.

Gaining popularity and drains, which are based are used levers or chains. Manufacturer prefers arranged such mechanisms in the side of the drain structure. To drain water is sufficient to pull the lever or chain. This type of drainage system will be most relevant for suspended toilet bowls. Because of these features, repair toilet cistern suspension will be slightly different. Regardless of the type of installation cistern, distinguish the hand trigger, involving manually set the volume of water drained, and automatic.

Features water intake system

There are several types of valves, regulating the flow of water:

  • Side water supply, intended location of reinforcement from the top, is typical for sanitary equipment Russian manufacturers. Despite the fact that the plumbing, equipped with this mechanism, is characterized by low prices, it is not in high demand, due to the fairly noisy set of water. For models differing higher value, characterized by the use of a special tube, reducing noise, which contributes to the water supply directly to the bottom.
  • Lower water supply is characteristic for models of both domestic and foreign manufacturers, relating to a sufficiently high price category. Features of the lower water supply mechanism reduce the noise from the water to the lowest rates.

Apparatus cistern: basic elements

To correctly identify the causes of malfunctions and correct them in a timely manner, even if it is necessary in general to be aware of the internal structure of the toilet tank. Despite the differences reinforcing constructions cistern, it is characterized by a single scheme of the device. The inner flushing tank device implies the presence of the following elements:

  • Locking or drain valves regulates the discharge of water from the cistern into the toilet bowl and prevents its leakage unnecessarily. In the process of filling the tank, water contained therein contributes tightly pressed surface of the valve to a sink in a toilet, since that water leakage occurs. Thus, if the drain water passes a tank, this is due to a malfunction of valves;
  • The inlet valve, which is combined with a water supply device for adjusting the water level in the cistern. Upon reaching a certain level of water supply in its reservoir stops. Water level indicator float is connected to the filling valve by means of a brass rod. If the first models of dispensing devices assumed lateral position of the inlet valve and horizontal placement of the float, the current models of sanitary ware, retaining the traditional principle of action, provide the location of the inlet valve at the bottom of the drain bowl, while the float is characterized by vertical placement;

Important! Problems resulting in the need to repair the toilet cistern, most commonly associated with a malfunction of this mechanism is in most cases reduced to adjust it.

  • Mechanism overflow and the water, the construction of which is provided a plastic fitting, equipped control knobs. Its function is to prevent ingress of water from the tank into the room in case of a float valve malfunction. water overflow system connected to the sink, comes into effect after pressing the start button. Excess water is not discharged to the outside by connecting the drain mechanism overflow devices, which facilitates the exit of excess water into the sewer system. An important element of the system is a float valve connected to a float regulating the water level in the tank. Malfunctions related to the functioning of the float crane lead to leakage of water from the tank.

Important! Each of these elements can come into disrepair, leading to the need for its repair. In this regard, there is no need to consider the problems associated with damage to the tank shell, since in practice the elimination of cracks and chips of housing is almost impossible. This is due to the inefficiency of even the most modern adhesives that become the most common reason for replacing a toilet tank.

The most common fault cistern: methods of their elimination

Water leaks into the room: the causes and methods of eliminating breakage

If you notice the appearance of water in the room, most likely reason for this failure are mounting. In this case, inexperienced homeowners are likely to fall into a panic, and thinking about the plumbing replacement, will be looking to answer the question: "How to put the toilet and avoid breakdowns in the operation?". But do not hurry, this problem is easily removable. Consider the most common causes of this error:

  • Wear of the sealing ring mounted between the tank and the toilet bowl;
  • Violating the integrity of gaskets fastening bolts.

All these faults do not require sophisticated diagnostics and can be detected even at a visual inspection. If you find these faults, try to tighten fasteners, not applying in this case excessive force that may cause damage to the tank or even a violation of his integrity.

If you have made these manipulations, and thus they were unsuccessful, experts recommend to remove the drain tank and replace the rubber seal on the drain channel. They are also recommended to replace gaskets and washers on the mounting bolts.

Important! To increase the density of the joints, making them more reliable, experts recommend them to make additional sealing with silicone.

What if the water does not flow into the tank?

This breakdown is also not uncommon, as it is the most common reason is the clogging of the narrowest portion of the valve. Solving this problem will not cause problems - it is sufficient to release all the water from the tank and the reverse valve with lever and float. After that, you will notice quite a narrow opening for receiving water into the tank. To eliminate its clogging make clean it with a needle or a thin wire. Next, slightly unscrew the valve on the inlet pipe and make washing residues arising blockage. Making sure that the water flows freely through a hole in the tank, tighten the valve and install the valve with arm and float to the original position.

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The constant flow of water from the tank into the toilet bowl: Causes and Remedies failure

The causes of the fault may be:

  • Misalignment of the float arm;

How can I fix? If you encounter this problem, it is sufficient to give the arm the optimal position for him.

damage to float, leads to the fact that it starts to leak inward. This inevitably leads to its striving to the bottom tank capacity, i.e. water trapped inside the float prevents its return to its original position at which the tap water shutoff. If not, the excess water through the overflow system is discharged into the toilet bowl.

How can I fix? The only possible one effective repair, in this case, is to replace the part.

To this water overlap the riser produce dismantling the device and put in its place a new, pre-purchased similar item.

Important! To repair the toilet cistern fittings as efficiently as possible, in the process of selecting experts recommend pay attention to the dimensions and structural features of details, as some of them are not always interchangeable.

Important! In most cases, for the manufacture of modern plastic floats use or stainless steel. The floats are made from these materials are substantially independent leakage.

Wear of the sealing elements of the drain valves. To determine whether the cause of the fault really lies in the wear of the sealing elements, is simple enough. It's enough to gently pull your hand valve: if the water began to flow, then you are not wrong, the problem really lies in the wear of the check valve, rubber gaskets or sealant. Eliminate this damage can be achieved by replacing the consumable.

Depreciation of the float can also cause permanent leaks. In this case, the float is formed a hole through which the outflow of water occurs.

Important! If at the time of a problem you do not have at hand the necessary details, swipe the "temporary" repairs. For this purpose, the hole formed in the float, glued or strapped warmed plastic float hors, plastic bag, thereby producing its sealing. It is important not to forget to fasten it around the float lever.

Repair toilet cistern with the button: procedure

How to make the removal of the lid with one button?

  • Loosen the lock ring around the button. It is important to avoid strong pressure on it, as for the manufacture of rings is mostly used plastic;
  • Make removing the cover and proceed to repair.

As mentioned above, the reason the constant water leaking from the tank into the toilet bowl may be several reasons:

  • Incorrect position of the float - in this case, simply remove the toilet seat and the correct float.
  • Wear on the blower float valve, so that it does not ensure tightness.

In this case it is necessary to make its replacement. To fix this float in the upper position and by unscrewing the nut connecting the tank and the drain tube, perform only retrieval mechanism;

  • Remove old pear, replacing it with the same model with similar characteristics.
  • If there was a deterioration of the bolts holding the bulb, you need to replace them.
  • For this drain the water from the tank, removing its residues;
  • Loosen cap nut disposed between the flexible liner and a float valve, as well as bolts. With a little effort, tilt the tank back to the shelf, freeing the rubber sleeve positioned between the tank and the toilet bowl;
  • Unscrew the damaged bolt and doubles it, and delete them. It is important to replace both screws, even if the integrity of the second has not yet broken. To replace the pick bolts similar sizes, made of brass or stainless steel;
  • Remove earthenware under saddle pears and make it thoroughly cleaned by performing similar activities with the shelf and the reservoir. Promazhte pear silicone sealant, which later will solve the problem of wear and tear and prevent the need to replace it;
  • Reassemble the tank, pull the design of new bolts, avoiding distortions. To prevent damage to the delicate earthenware not use excessive force in the process of construction of the assembly;
  • Open water and fill the tank, carefully making sure that if leaks occur.

Failure of the shutter lever: how to eliminate?

How to determine that in your case we are talking about this error? It's quite simple: if you press the shutter button the water, but the sink is not started, this chapter will be useful to you.

The reason for this failure lies in the violation of thrust, and the only way out is to be replaced.

Important! In this case, you can also make a "temporary repairs", by making thrust of thick wire and twist it in several layers. However, an improvised traction not have a long service life - over time begin to bend wire, which also lead to its failure.

Before you start repairing the old toilet cistern in this case, loosen the key to the tank lid. To do this, turn the decorative nut a few turns - in most cases this is enough to lift the cover from access to the mechanism.

Noisy filling a tank with water: how to eliminate?

Often, the masters have to face this problem, and especially owners of sanitary ware, which is characterized by the presence of tanks with side water supply. After a certain period of time the capacity of the reservoir begins to fill with noise, which was not "the dawn" operation.

Most often, the cause of the fault becomes disconnecting muffler water, which is a special tube through which the supply of water to the bottom of the tank without any sound effects.

To eliminate this defect, wear jamming on a specially designed fitting.

Repair toilet cistern with a button

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