How to update the old ceiling

Sometimes in the course of the internal decoration of an apartment or a country cottage home master observe that ceiling coating has lost its original appearance and in need of restoration. Sometimes the ceiling is still suitable for use, but when you look at it there is a desire to give it a "presentation", during which not necessarily have to resort to cutting-edge techniques. The question: "How do I update an old ceiling?" There is no precise answer, because the sequence of actions to repair the ceiling of the coating depends on the type of structure, the extent of its deterioration and the room in which it is located. In most cases, ceilings update is carried out in the framework decoration room, but there are situations when you need to bring back life to only the ceiling, making it thus even more attractive. There are several ways to repair the old ceiling peak relevance which falls on different time intervals. These include ceiling and pasting wallpaper, tile and installation foam, and restoration using PVC panels, gypsum board, and more modern options - equipping stretch and suspended ceilings. The choice of each depends on many factors, as well as opportunities homeowners engaged in the restoration of the ceiling of the coating. For all repair options are peculiar to their technological features that will be discussed in this article.

Preparation of the ceiling in an old house to repair procedure

Repair of the old ceiling with his hands is not possible without prior measures to be implemented before the plastering and painting.

If the restored ceiling was whitewashed before, you must make the following preparations:

  • To remove the old whitewash ceiling area of ​​1 sq. Meter be wetted with warm water using a roller, a brush or a foam;
  • Leave as long as the water is absorbed, it will take no more than 3-4 minutes;
  • Using a spatula, make a thorough cleaning of the ceiling of the chalk.
  • If the ceiling surface in need of repair, water-based paint has been painted previously, it is necessary to make the removal of residues as follows:
  • The first step is to moisten the surface to be repaired;
  • In the presence of loose particles and the paint film pieces, to remove them;
  • On plastered areas where the plaster stick firmly enough, remove them.

  • The next important stage of preparatory work - priming the mounting surface. Often neglected master data stage, underestimating the importance of the primer, which helps to remove dust from the treated surface and improve adhesion between the concrete slab and a layer of plaster.
  • For primer using a roller, brush or spray. Experts recommend to apply the primer composition in two layers, and then drying it must wait for an hour. Due to the fact that the primer is a transparent liquid, after it dries can be problems with coating defect detection. To solve this problem, experts recommend adding a small amount of primer into the caramel.

Important! Modern construction market offers buyers a primer increased efficiency, but some of them contain in their composition PVA glue. To save money without compromising the efficiency of the material, experts recommend the purchase of PVA glue, diluted with water, and to this improvised primer acquired and antiseptic properties, it added bluestone.

  • The next stage of preparatory work before applying the paint is puttying and plastering.

  • Deep cracks, bumps and other imperfections are filled with a plaster mortar gypsum-based work which is much easier than with conventional cement plaster. An excellent example of such a composition is a mortar "Rotband" manufactured by Knauf, which has been successfully used in many finisher.
  • Having prepared a working solution, embedded largest dents and cracks, and cracks in the plates, and between them. Their moistened with water and filled with working solution. This activity must be done in several stages, since a large amount of wet plaster can crawl, bringing a lot of trouble. Thereafter, the overall alignment of the ceiling, which normally take to which small spatula applied solution and pressed to the surface being aligned slightly crushing it and extending along the direction to itself. This promotes fast settable solution. Often, after the first application of plaster are still visible grooves and irregularities that do not need to seek to immediately wipe, as this may damage the appearance of the ceiling surface. Due to the fact that more is necessary to make the finishing surface leveling, which would eliminate all existing defects.
  • After the last layer of plaster has dried completely, it is necessary to produce grouting with sandpaper. Then purified from the ceiling plaster particles and wipe with a damp cloth and then applied with the spray primer layer.

The final stage - finishing alignment ceiling involves applying multiple layers of putty, followed by grinding and final primer layer.

Important! Application of putty in the process of finishing the alignment of the ceiling is recommended to start from the wall adjacent to the one where there is a window. It helps create a good review. It is not recommended to apply a layer of putty than 5 mm thick, as it degrades it contributes to drying and cracking.

Painting and whitewashing the ceiling - timeless classics

Whitewashing the ceiling: the major technological nuances

Whitewashing the old ceiling - a classic repair, does not lose its relevance throughout the life. Moreover, he is one of the easiest ways to budget and restoration of the ceiling surface, which can be done by hand. If you prefer this option, you should know the following nuances:

  • If the treated surface of the ceiling, there are traces of destruction by mold or fungus, it is necessary to make it clean and lubricate antifungals, waiting for his final drying;
  • In the next step produce primer treated surface using a primer, characterized by deep penetration;
  • To make the ceiling as possible smooth, apply plaster and plaster surfaces. If the surface was quite smooth initially, by plastering it can be waived;
  • After carrying out the above actions can proceed to the ceiling surface staining.

Painting ceiling: the choice of materials and application technology

A more modern way to repair the ceiling in an old house is the use of water-based paint, which replaces chalk and lime. There are several types of water-based paints, among which acrylic and latex, and silicate - all of these types of prior to use to be diluted with water. The choice of a variety depends on the interior of the room, the taste preferences of the owner and his creative vision.

However, there are technical aspects that must be considered when choosing a water-based paint:

  • Try to give preference to paint with great ability harboring;
  • If you plan to repair the ceilings in rooms with high humidity, choose a washable paint, in all other cases it is possible to give preference to paint with the usual parameters;
  • Experts recommend to get the paint off reserve, as even in the same party can be paint with a small tone difference noticeable by the end of repair.

Important! After drying the latex become a few shades lighter, which also need to be considered in the process of repair.

How to paint the ceiling of the old?

Experts do not recommend to make painting the ceiling of the old paint, and in this regard, before embarking on the ceiling of the old stain, you must make its purification from a whitewash or paint. If first removed only mechanically (the surface is wetted with water to a paint roller and using a spatula, remove the whitewash) then removing the second can be carried out in several ways.

  • Mechanically suggestive paint removal using a spatula or a wire brush;
  • Chemically, the essence of which is to use a special solvent paint strippers. After surface treating this composition the paint will easily move away from the ceiling surface.

  • Before you open a can of paint, it is necessary to shake, and opening once more to mix;
  • Pour a small amount of paint in a tray that will prevent its premature drying;
  • Make cuttings brush angles. The width of the cuttings should be at least 6.5 cm;
  • Gently touching the paint roller to the surface and conducting it along the bath, a small amount of its type;
  • Remove excess paint and, performing W-shaped motion, make several rolled with a roller;
  • Once on the platen will remain a small amount of paint, making gentle movements, slide it across the painted surface that will remove stains and paint over the rest of the band;
  • When, after the application of the first ink layer 12 pass hours and can proceed to the application of the second layer and drying it waited ensure no need to apply a third finishing layer.

Disadvantages painted ceilings:

  • The main drawback of the painted ceilings - moisture permeability, and therefore, will have to produce its periodic embellishment;
  • If the ceiling painting is carried out in a newly built house, the probability of occurrence of cracks in the ceiling in the construction process of shrinkage.

Renovated old ceiling photo

Adhesive or tile ceiling: features repair

How else to update the old ceiling? One current technique is the use of ceiling tiles, characterized by varying the texture and manufactured from foam plastic, polyurethane or other known polymers.

Tiled or so-called glue ceiling is characterized by a number of advantages:

  • Due to the fact that the construction market offers many varieties of ceiling tiles, you will be able to design the interior space in any stylistic and color;
  • Construction of the ceiling tile - one of the most cost options for repair, due to the democratic value of the material used;
  • Preparation of the surface to the arrangement of tiled ceiling has no specific features and includes a standard set of activities: cleaning, alignment, plaster;
  • Glue the ceiling is different moisture resistance, and therefore, may settle in areas with high humidity.

Important! It is not recommended to carry out the installation of the ceiling tile in the bedrooms, since it is necessary to carry out frequent airing of premises with tile.

Plastic tiles taxing care, and is easy to clean and wash, but often there are situations when there is a deformation of the individual elements of the tile, and therefore, they need be replaced.

Important! Before you proceed to upgrade the tile ceiling, it is important to remember that not all types of tiles can be painted.

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  • If you used ceiling tiles made of plastic, which is not designed for the processing of the dye composition, the only solution in this case is the partial or complete replacement of the damaged tile element.
  • Foam slabs may be subject to coloring, which is the same as Paint concrete or plasterboard ceiling. The only thing that does not need to be carried out in this case - is plastering and leveling the surface of the tile.

Important! For coloring tiles, made of foam, we recommend using water-based paints, does not leave streaks and promote a smooth and even surface. The application of paint is carried out with a brush, as the paint roller may deform the tile.

Important! For painting the ceiling tiles ideal option is to use a water dispersion of the dye. If the laid tiles squares or rhombuses contrasting shades staining must be carried out carefully with a fine brush.

Construction of a stretch ceiling - a universal method of repair

Construction of a stretch ceiling can not be considered a budget option, but also the most expensive, it is not. On the stretch ceiling installation implementation will require at least 10-15 thousand., Due to the inability of the installation with their own hands and the need to attract professionals in the arsenal which has specialized tools (heat gun).

The advantages of a stretch ceiling:

  • Aesthetic appearance, quick installation and no need for efforts by the owners;
  • Due to the moisture resistance of suspended ceilings, they are recommended to be installed in areas where there may be a leak.

Suspended ceiling is web of polymeric material which is tensioned and secured by means of special fastening elements. Ceiling painting can be both glossy and matte, and modern production capabilities allow for the manufacture of stretch ceiling with a pattern.

Briefly mounting tension ceiling looks as follows:

  • Along the perimeter of the room make the installation of special fasteners - baguettes;
  • Using a heat gun to heat the web, whereby it acquires elasticity;
  • Using a special tool, resembling a spatula around the perimeter of the ceiling cloth is charged in the fasteners;
  • After cooling, the material acquires the desired strength and smoothly stretched without forming folds. After installation of stretch ceiling is finished, the leaf bore holes required for installation of lighting.

In the operation of a tension ceiling there are situations when it is in need of repair, which assumes correction of any defects and discontinuities. To make such a situation the most rare or possibly even avoid repairs, during the operation of a stretch ceiling is necessary to adhere to the following rules:

  • You should avoid heating the ceiling paintings above 70 degrees, as this may cause melting of the edges, holding the surface, which leads to sagging and tearing cloth;
  • We can not allow the temperature falls below 0 degrees (in the winter time, it is recommended not to abuse the ventilation of the room). This caused crystallization of the material at low temperatures, causing gaps web;
  • It is necessary to avoid contact with the blade sharp objects, as in the case of damage of a stretch ceiling with sharp objects repair is mandatory event;
  • If in case of leakage web tension ceiling will withstand the weight of cold water, the hot water will lead to tearing of the web.
  • In most cases, damaged ceilings must be replaced, but there are situations when timely partial repair may prevent a complete replacement of the web.

The cuts and breaks stretch ceiling fabric

Despite the fact that the web is a stretch ceiling is characterized by sufficient strength, it is impossible to exclude the cuts and punctures.

Fabric made of PVC film, is almost impossible to self-repair, but if small gap, you can seal it in gently with your hands;

If the breaks of considerable size, a partial repair of canvas conduct is inappropriate.

In the case of breaks seamless fabric ceilings, made on the basis of tissue, it is possible to undertake the following:

  • Using a piece of fiberglass fabric adhesive tape or glued neatly existing gap;
  • After that, place the cut is applied to the paint, the color of which is similar to the color of the tension ceiling;
  • If the cut is small size, you can try to sew up his kapron thread the color of fabric and tint, making the seam virtually invisible.

Leaking ceiling: elimination methods

If your room is equipped suspended ceiling, you will likely be able to avoid the flooding of furniture and other furnishings, as well as be able to avoid damage to walls, due to the unique ability of the tension fabric to withstand the weight of water without breaking.

In the event of flooding to prevent damage to the ceiling in particular need to act carefully and follow the recommendations of experts:

  • First of all, it is necessary to drain the accumulated water in order to prevent deformation of the ceiling. To do this, make the dismantling of one of the corners of the ceiling;
  • Once you have drained the water, you need to thoroughly dry the fabric and tuck it into a baguette with a heat gun;
  • Also, the water drain may be accomplished by doing a small hole in the film stretch ceiling.
  • If the weight of water accumulated in the process of leaking ceiling exceeded the established norm, most likely, there will be discharge of baguettes from the walls, which may be due to inaccuracies in the installation process. The majority of installers companies consider a ceiling leak warranty case, and therefore, you do not need to worry about the consequences.

Important! If you are faced with the ceiling leaking, check the water temperature, if it is cold, it will not change its performance properties, and if hot, then most likely, it will be stretched, and therefore, a partial repair is impossible after the dry cloth.

Sagging of the web may be the case if its service life exceeds 10 years, and the cloth was tightly unevenly during its installation. Exposure to high temperatures can also cause sagging cloth. Remedy this defect - the constriction of the web.

Renovated old video ceiling

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