Gardening Blackberry: how to gather a good harvest

Blackberry - is a rare inhabitant of the local gardens, much more can be found with traditional bush berries: raspberries, currants and other analogues. This is due primarily to the fact that the blackberry has a reputation plants are very demanding to care for unstable to strong frosts, and, moreover, having spines. With regard to the latter assertion is difficult to argue, as spikes really is. But they do not create in the assembly of the harvest as many problems as list those who never reared blackberries, moreover, recently withdrawn completely thornless varieties, which are called remontant. The article focuses on how to grow blackberries.

Content:

  1. blackberry garden
  2. Origin of garden blackberry
  3. How to choose a variety of garden blackberry
    • Blackberry planting and care
    • A place for planting blackberries
    • The soil for planting blackberries
    • How to plant blackberries
    • Care blackberries
  4. How to propagate the blackberry
  5. benefits blackberry
  6. 6 "yes" in favor of Blackberry

With regard to demands, this statement is an absolute myth. Blackberry is no different from its closest relative of raspberries. Before hibernation it, of course, requires some care, but it can be said about any garden plant.

But the fact that the Blackberry not only pleases the taste buds, brings a bountiful harvest, and with it a weighty benefits to the body, but also very attractive looks like in the flowering period, and during the ripening berries is undeniable.

blackberries photo

Therefore, blackberries definitely worth to get to know both beginners and seasoned gardeners.

blackberry garden

  • Blackberry - is a perennial shrub, or rather shrub, height from half a meter to 3 meters. Shoots he may be arcuate, pryamoroslymi and creeping. The vast majority of shoots covered with spines, but in this case - is very beautiful in bloom. It can be white, lilac and purple flowers, gathered in inflorescences.
  • Almost all varieties - samoplodnye, ie bush feels great in the role monosort. Although the cross-pollination of fruit quality is not only not deteriorated, on the contrary, it reveals new and interesting facets, and the number of berries even increases.
  • blackberry fruits are very attractive, especially the larger ones. They are a complex drupe black, black and red and black and bluish hues.

  • To indulge in the fruits, blackberries should go quite a long growing season (for example, compared with raspberries). Most varieties bloom in mid-July and fruits in late summer.

Origin of garden blackberry

  • Blackberries, as already mentioned, the direct relatives of raspberries, more precisely, it is a subgenus of raspberries, which, in turn, belongs to the family Rosaceae.
  • In the wild it can be found in Europe, Asia and North America. As a cultural garden plants she began to get accustomed to the 19th century in the United States, and with the 30-ies of the last century has acquired just enormous popularity. All suddenly wanted to see a truly pristine blackberry bushes in his garden, and a taste and flavor of the fruits. By the way, ripe blackberries on average, weighs as much as 7 grams.
  • It is from the first half of the 20th century begins actively developing new varieties of berries. Most of them are derived by the Americans and the British, including the aforementioned remontant varieties (without spikes), which appeared in the early 2000s.

  • But there are also bred in our band, for example, a very popular variety of abundant, which owes its birth to the famous Michurin.

All kinds of blackberry and its hybrids can be grouped into three categories:

  • pryamoroslye (Erect) - the most undemanding and the most cold-resistant;
  • curly - may create a real thicket on the site;
  • polustelyaschiesya - as a snake crawling on the ground or any proposed support.

How to choose a variety of garden blackberry

Among so many species and varieties (only 300 of them are displayed in Europe) to make the final selection very difficult, especially if before blackberries did not grow in the garden. Most logical to draw attention to some of the most popular, and therefore - easy to clean and well-fruiting varieties.

  • grade Agawam. One of the oldest, more than a century ago launched. It is a tall, strong shrub with upright stems with lots of thorns (they are even on the leaves). Will appreciate the beautiful white buds on one-year shoots, which in the end of August turn into rather large black berries with a pleasant sweet (but not cloying) taste. The main advantage of Agavama - good frost resistance. Most often, the bush normally carries the winter, even without shelter. May slightly damaged at - 25 degrees, but in general can withstand temperatures down to - 42.
  • grade Darrow also boasts resistance to frost. Bush is slightly smaller than the Agavama, but powerful, erect. a medium-sized fruit, appear quite early, but the long ripening.
  • grade abundant growing at a strong, large shrub with creeping stems. Therefore, it grows only on the trellis. Bright green shoots, at first glance, thin and delicate, have a thin, slightly curved spines. In general Izobilnaya looks very attractive, thanks to its good branching and purple and white flowers. Large berries in large quantities appear in the bush in August, have an oblong shape and a pleasant sweet-sour taste. This sort of blackberry require mandatory shelter for the winter.
  • Just as abundant, afraid frosts and grade Black Beauty. A distinctive feature of this three-meter bush with flexible shoots - just before fruiting. Berries on it appear very nice and large (12 to 20 grams).
  • grade Thorne fries can grow on a bush with long polustelyuschimisya dark-green shoots, the main advantage of which - the lack of thorns. Flowers on this shrub can be white or lilac, large conical shaped berries in large quantities appear at the end of August. Like any remontant grade Tornfri afraid frosts and requires proper shelter.

  • Amara - this is perhaps the most popular of bezshipnyh varieties. Maybe because it was the first. Of course, the winter this shrub should be prepared, but what a stunning and bountiful harvest it gives (berries with a weight of 15 grams, has a bright taste), it is worth all the hassle spent.

Blackberry planting and care

A place for planting blackberries

Pledge of good harvest of garden blackberry - is not only the right choice of varieties, but also a competent preparation for the precipitation of.

  • Blackberry garden planted in the spring (April-May). This is its main difference from the overwhelming majority of berry bushes. While many gardeners claim that the cold-resistant varieties is better fixed during the autumn planting.
  • What should be the dwelling place of the blackberry? First and foremost the least windy, otherwise it threatens not only the trauma of flowers and berries, but also poor pollination, and then there is a low probability of a good harvest.
  • Taking into account the weak winter hardiness of most varieties, a place for planting should be chosen is where the blackberry it would be easy to conceal. It requires a lot of light, so the gap along the fence will be landing this shrub the most optimal. There quiet enough heat, there is no interference in the form of other plants and, if appropriate fence can be used as trellis, tied up the plant or directly to him or stretched on it a grid.

The soil for planting blackberries

  • For the soil is unpretentious blackberry pretty, as long as it was not too heavy. Although, certain conditions for its correct fit is.
  • If we are talking about fall planting, then before you put a blackberry, a place of its future habitat be sure to hide the layer of organic fertilizers (15 cm).

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  • When the spring planting soil should carefully loosen by 50 cm, as blackberry roots lie deep enough. The pit add dung or compost (5 kg), 50 grams of potash and phosphate 100-150 grams.

How to plant blackberries

  • The distance between the wells depends on the type of garden blackberry. In any case, it should be sufficient if the variety has spikes, otherwise the harvest will create additional difficulties.
  • To erect varieties distance between holes should be 80-100 cm and between rows - 180-200 cm.
  • On landing creeping blackberry affect particular grade. Know them better at professionals working in the nursery, where it is recommended to buy the sprouts. The average distance for creeping varieties is 250 cm both between pits and between the rows.
  • Before planting the seedlings need to carefully inspect for damaged Pagon and remove them as needed. It is best to plant before transplanting stand 12 hours in the water. If you do, then immediately after planting blackberries watering is not necessary, because the it is much better tolerate drought, waterlogging than. During flowering and fruiting watering is needed, but within reasonable limits. It is important to ensure that water does not stagnate in the roots.

  • After planting young plants, just good enough soil around it.

Care blackberries

fertilizer blackberry

  • After the start of the first flowering, blackberries should begin to feed, for example, phosphates, but the main thing here is not to overdo it, otherwise the plant may get sick. Much more important is constantly clean weeds, weed and loosen the soil, moderate its moisturizing.
  • All subsequent years of life of the bush to feed his need 1 every year, the best manure, peat or ash. Several times during the summer season blackberry bush should fertilize with bird droppings.

pruning blackberries

  • In the first year after planting blackberries unlikely to yield. But this fact does not exclude the necessary measures. For example, in the summer escape of any kind, even erect, it is better to tie up to a horizontal trellis, and it should be done with all the shoots in the same direction. The following year, the direction of the garter of new shoots should be the opposite. This will contribute to the proper formation of a bush.

Pruning blackberries is composed of:

  • removal of diseased, podmerzshie affected by pests, or just poorly growing stems in autumn or early spring;
  • the forming of young stalks in early summer;
  • pinching of shoots from June to August;
  • forming shop stems that otplodonosivshie autumn, after harvest.

  • When the shoot reaches a height of at least 60 cm, substantially increase the place of fruiting can be, cut in early June from 3 to 5 cm from the top. When a height of 60 cm reached the side shoots, they have to be shortened to 40 cm. This procedure, called pinitsirovka (pinching), very well promotes branching, on the plant may form the present mini-tree, from which the next year there will be flowers. The following year, the procedure should be repeated in the summer, leaving the branches 10-12 buds. To erect blackberry bushes pinitsirovka a must.
  • Every year in spring the young bushes of any kind should be subject to blackberry formative pruning, those. those shoots that were cut off in the summer, it is necessary to shorten, leaving 2-3 buds.
  • For best fruiting already well accustomed, tall shrubs and the forming, spring pruning is done as follows: 5-7 strongest shoots are cut at a height of 2-2.5 meters and tied in one direction. Young shoots appearing during the summer, is sent to the other side.

  • Many knowledgeable gardeners recommend to operate as follows. In the spring of annual and biennial shoots should be cut to one level, everything else is removed almost completely. Harvest with yearlings and also substantially cut them.
  • For a good fruiting and safety in cold remontant varieties, in the autumn of their cut almost at the root.

Growing blackberry video

Shelter for the winter blackberry

  • Many are covered with blackberry bushes something greenhouses since the onset of the first frost, thereby extending the period of fruiting. But the fertility of garden blackberry - one of the highest, with a single bush can get an average of 10 kg of berries.
  • But, as has been said many times, blackberries refers to plants that are not very well tolerated in the winter, except in a few varieties. Therefore, and to its shelter must be approached carefully.

  • The shoots should be removed from the trellis, laid neatly on the ground and cover mulch material, it can be dried leaves, straw, earth. And, of course, an excellent job with this role first snow.

How to propagate the blackberry

Blackberry can be propagated by a variety of ways: and seeds, and cuttings and root suckers, and the tops of the shoots, and division.

  • The seeds, of course, likely used for breeding new varieties.
  • Erect varieties are well propagated by root suckers.
  • Stelyaschiesya - shoot tips. The method is simple and effective. After fruiting, the ends of the shoots need arcuate bend to the ground in a pre-dug pit depth of 20 cm. They should be pinned at the bottom, cover well moistened earth, mixed with peat. At the ends of the shoots 10 cm discharged outside. Before hibernation ends, these must be protected, and in April undermine neatly separated from the main shoots and planted in a standard way.

benefits blackberry

  • Blackberry should settle in the garden if only because of the fact that it is one of the most useful berry. Even though it is small enough to all known vitamin C, but a lot of iron and organic acids, therefore it is indispensable in the treatment of low hemoglobin.
  • Decoctions of blackberries have a very positive effect in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, ulcers, inflammation of the bladder, menopause, kidney problems, neurotic states.
  • Its regular use helps to maintain a good shape, because this berry can help normalize metabolism, hormonal and restore fluid and electrolyte balance (namely, these factors often affect the appearance of excess weight).
  • By eating blackberries used in absolutely all possible forms. From it turns out everything - from juice to jelly. tea lovers claim that a drink made from the leaves of blackberry will handicap the most exquisite Chinese tea.

6 "yes" in favor of Blackberry

  • Gardening Blackberry is second only to yield grapes. Her direct relative - raspberries, so beloved by all gardeners, loses her in this matter very much.
  • It has a very good natural immunity to all kinds of diseases, temperature fluctuations, fungi. Amazingly, all kinds of pests are absolutely not interested in the brambles.
  • Blackberry is not afraid of the drought, so it does not need regular watering abundant, so that "binds" to the hosts sites in the summer.
  • The plant is not picky about soil composition.
  • Blackberry is not afraid of the spring and autumn frosts. The first - because it blooms late, the second - because it still continues to bear fruit.
  • Blackberry fruit - very helpful, large, easy to transport and store, and are endowed with a real bouquet of taste.

Against the background of all of the above are certain subtleties care of garden blackberries seem insignificant, because this plant belongs to the category of those who fully compensate spent on these efforts. blackberry bush with proper care can live in one place for at least 15 years old.


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