How to grow phlox

Charming phlox representatives polemoniaceae family. It originates from the tropical rain forests of North America. We received the name from the fiery red color of wild species, since the word "phlox" is translated from Latin means "flame". Fiery flowers conquered the locals and they began to grow in the gardens. Over time, it was taken to Europe and ubiquitous. Now there are more than 1,500 varieties, which are available in various shapes, sizes, variety of colors. In recent years, breeders brought variegated varieties with terry inflorescences. Depending on the species, climate, bloom from April to mid-autumn. There are annual, perennial. The article focuses on the planting and care of the phlox.

Content:

  1. annual phlox
    • How to grow phlox seed
    • How to grow annual phlox
  2. How to grow phlox perennial
    • Reproduction perennial phlox
  3. Phlox Preparing for winter
  4. Infectious diseases phlox
  5. Pests on phlox and control

annual phlox

The main representative of annuals - Drummond phlox. Original fat bushes, with numerous flowers of various colors, were grown on beds and ceramic containers. Widespread following hybrid varieties:

  • star Rain - resistant to drought conditions, blooms 2-3 months. It is a half-meter, densely branching bush. Fragrant, racemiform inflorescences consist of colors in the form of sprockets;
  • twinkling star -. Miniature, not more than 25 cm Blooming continues from summer to autumn middle. This type grown and smokers, and balconies;
  • PROMIS Pink - short (30 cm). Fragrant, double flowers have different colors: white, pink, carminic;
  • constellation - precipitated groups, are used for cutting, implementation;
  • a variety of low-growing varieties Drummond. Cultivate in order to create patches of color, decorate balconies and stairs. Especially beautiful in hanging baskets, rock gardens.

phlox photo

Phlox nekaprizny can temporarily tolerate drought, cool weather, but luxurious, long flowering is only possible with careful attention, constant, proper care.

How to grow phlox seed

  • Propagated annual phlox seeds, sowing in early spring in a greenhouse or a greenhouse. Chance compactor sowing (April).
  • Phlox seeds should not be stale. The best germination has annual material.
  • They are covered with a dense shell, so need to be soaked. For this purpose, a special solution or soft water, wherein phlox seeds left on the day. They are then dried, laying on a napkin evenly. They need to be warmed in the sun.
  • Sown 3-4 cm, slightly prisypaya ground (1.5 mm). If the seeds a little, use a pot or special tape. Their land is filled with loose (you can buy or make your own), slightly trampled, moisturize, spread out along the grain at 1. Cover the planting container glass, regular watering, aerate. Pre-emergence placed in partial shade, then - on the lighted place, out of direct sun. Good lighting accelerates the distillation of seedlings.

  • The process of germination is dependent on humidity and temperature. Optimal conditions -17 - 220, and the increased oxygen content increases the number of seedlings. Important and timely watering, which feeds the germs and the effect on the development.
  • Young seedlings dive 1 times. The preferred transplant them into the container, it is a recent innovation, which is a small teplichku heated. It is a useful device for the cultivation of seedlings and planting seeds for seedlings. It consists of a transparent cap with ventilation holes and of the pallet, which is poured ground. Simple models are available without heating. They are much cheaper and meet the needs of ordinary gardeners, as they maintained the necessary humidity. Enough to transplant seedlings, put teplichku in a bright place and moisten the soil surface, preventing drying.
  • With the onset of sustained warm weather, the seedlings are planted to dive on a constant: a bed, a border, in rockeries, in hanging basket. The distance between the seedlings of approximately 15 x 15 cm, but a miniature variety thicker. After landing, the soil around the roots and watered lightly crush. Good idea to use a liquid solution fitosporin. The drug is used in accordance with the requirements specified in the attached instructions.

How to grow annual phlox

Pay great attention to the soil. Phlox is required carefully cultivated, light, fertile soil.

  • The main components of seedling Peat mixture- land (Ogorodnaya, turf, sheet), river sand, humus, peat mixture. Take a portion ground 3, were added to 1 part of the other components, sieved and disinfected. If the ground is acidic, add wood ash. Disinfection can be carried out with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, for this ground should be wet, folded into a bag, close tightly and leave for 5-7 days.
  • There are many ways to prepare the mixture. In the preparation must take into account that the young plants need a light soil, and adults phlox, with a strong root system, more heavy. The most valuable properties has mold, containing all necessary elements so it is recommended to add required planting hole.

  • An excellent embodiment will be ready primer - Universal, BioMaster started based vermicompost, and mixtures and peat grass roots that contain the optimal ratio of nutrients. Purchase ground as compiled independently disinfect calcining oven or steamed.
  • Before you plant phlox, it is necessary to prepare the site. To this end, it is deeply dug and fertilized with manure (6 kg / m2), add a little peat and river sand. In acidic soil making wood ash and lime - 200 g / m2. Phlox need neutral or slightly acidic soil with a pH between 6 and 7 units.
  • Before planting the seedlings, the land once more shallow dug up, loosen and enrich complex mineral fertilizers, the usual rate of 20-30 g / m2.
  • Seedbed is necessary to ensure good drainage, t. To. The stagnant groundwater detrimental effect on phlox, it impedes the access of oxygen to the roots and wash away nutrients. Conventional drainage materials (expanded clay, gravel, perlite) to successfully replace the sunflower husks.

  • The choice of location. All varieties of phlox are demanding to light and not tolerate drafts. They love protected from wind and bright areas, with partial sunlight. In full shade plants never bloom, they are drawn, pale, thin form shoots. In open sunny places bloom short-lived and quickly lose their decorative effect.
  • to watering requirements. Phlox hygrophilous, only a few of them tolerate drought, so the soil under the bushes should not dry up. Watered in the morning, to the colors on the moisture has evaporated into the night.
  • At different phases of vegetation, irrigation have their own characteristics, such as seedlings and young plants watered carefully, so as not perished in the stems and roots are not cleaned up. The amount of water depends on the temperature and size of the bushes. Phlox roots must be completely wet. With the onset of the heat demand for fluid increases, the leaves can be sprayed with further, it prevents overheating and flushes dust.
  • Mineral nutrition. As the under phlox making mineral fertilizers 1- 2 times a month.

Ideal - application of liquid fertilizer. Plants require:

nitrogen (N) - green food pieces;

Phosphates - the development and strengthening of the root system;

potassium (K), an ample bloom, color saturation;

trace elements (Mn, Fe, Zn, S, Au, B and others.) - protection against diseases and pests.

  • Universal organic fertilizer is considered manure (horse, cow, bird droppings). To prepare the batter takes a third of fresh manure bucket, fill it up to the top with water, stir and leave to ferment for 10 days. Fermented mass is poured phlox, spreading 1:10. The amount of fluid depends on the bushes, with an average of 2 to 3 liters per adult plant.
  • It should be borne in mind that the most nutritious considered bird droppings and horse manure acidifies the soil.
  • During the active flowering foliar application is carried out with mineral fertilizers: mixing 30g of potassium nitrate, superphosphate, wood ash (in m2). The mixture is distributed around the roots and loosen the soil.

Experienced growers recommend doing a few feedings:

1 - the end of May: a solution of mullein or bird droppings;

2 - the beginning of summer 10 l solution mullein superphosphate + 20 g;

3 - the end of June: bucket talkers from bird droppings + 20 g potassium salt;

4 - July: Dissolve 20 g of phosphorus and the potassium salt in water (10 L);

5 - mid-August (late-): same as 4 point.

  • The chemical fertilizer industry produces as tablets, sticks, powders, granules, liquid. They contain all the necessary components, and is indicated on the label of their percentage.
  • There biostimulants, which provide an abundance of buds, increase resistance to disease, pests and stress situations. Prior to the formation of inflorescences, good sprinkle phlox drug bud, bloom, Domotsvet. This procedure is carried out twice a month.
  • In addition to watering and fertilizing, the soil should be loose, mulch, to remove weeds. Loosening oxygenates root system prevents stagnation of moisture. The frequency depends on the density and sedimentation earthen coma.
  • Required mulch, as rhizomes, located at a depth of 25 cm or less gradually begin to rise above the base surface. Mulching protects them from drying out, provides the looseness and soil permeability.

Showy, decorative, compact and give Phlox nipping apical shoots, cutting off the faded flower clusters, dry stalks and leaves.

How to grow phlox perennial

perennial phlox, as annuals, represented by a large number of varieties. Ancestor of many shrub species is Phlox paniculata, he grows up to 1.5 meters, has lantsevidnye leaves, erect, branched stems that end in the lush buds. Frost, growing in a fixed place up to 5 years. In the autumn of the aerial parts of the plants die, and grow in the spring.

  • the most popular phlox subulate From groundcover varieties, it leaves small, needle and creeping stems form fat carpets of different densities. This spring perennial, ideal for rock gardens.

Preparation pochvosmesi, watering, site selection, feeding, loosening perennial annual phlox carried out analogously.

Reproduction perennial phlox

Phloxes propagated by dividing the roots (early spring, autumn), cuttings (spring), seeds (as annuals varieties).

  • Reproduction basal processes. In the middle of the spring, at the root of the base break out shoots with "promenade" from 7 to 10 cm, put into a container with nutrient soil, sprinkled with sand (3 cm), is inserted stick on the edges of the tank, covered with a transparent bag and placed in a cool place with diffused solar light. Several times per day sprayed. Rooted cuttings planted in the flower bed, pritenyayut within 3-4 days.

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  • Propagation by division of the roots. Over time, the rhizomes grow phlox, raised above the ground. They are covered with fertile soil, hilling, and 1 time seated in 4 years. For this purpose they carefully dig, purified, cut into pieces so that each had at least three escape carefully placed in the hole and covered with soil, leaving a small recess. After that, well watered. For rapid adaptation to a new location, the water can be added udobrenie- Appin, Zircon (6 drops / 1 L).

Regular division necessary - gives new life to plants.

Phlox Preparing for winter

  • Before the onset of cold weather, the aerial part is cut, leaving the small stem "penochki" make under every bush, 20 g of phosphorus fertilizer, 200 g of ash. This will provide good growth and flowering the following year. Then sprinkle the roots with peat and humus. The mound is covered with straw, dry leaves, spruce branches and leave alone until the new season.

It is important to know that the shelter of the film cause damping-off roots, flowers death.

  • Spring care of perennial phlox begins with the onset of the first sunny days. It consists in cleaning of protective structures, the deep loosening of soil around the shrubs, mulching. Spring - a time of transplantation and reproduction.

Infectious diseases phlox

Depending on the pathogen, infectious diseases are viral, fungal, bacterial.

fungal diseases

  • powdery mildew - is characterized by the formation of a white plaque on the leaves, gradually affects all aerial parts. prevention: In May, the treated plants with copper sulfate (2 times), comply with dosage when fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers and irrigation mode. Treatment: several times sprinkle with 1% solution of soda ash or antifungal drug. The break between the treatment 7 days.
  • Wilt - the roots are covered by dirty bloom, the leaves wither, but the stalks look healthy for a long time. In order to prevent spend fertilizing ashes. Treatment: transplantation, treatment with a disinfectant solution.
  • Brown spot (septoria spot)-Brown spots on the leaves. prevention: after trimming is necessary to burn all the parts. Treatment: treat with fungicide, sulfur, Bordeaux liquid - 3 times a month. Remove the affected stems and destroy.
  • Rust - initially manifests itself as spots on the foliage that grow are transferred to the stems and pitch. Treatment such as when Septoria.

The cause of fungal infections is an excess of nitrogenous fertilizer, liquid, contaminated soil, the purchase of the sick plants.

  • bacterial - brown, yellow spots, growths, rotting different parts. Guarantees for successful treatment there. Support the color of life can only be proper care. The cause of the infection are considered cicadas.
  • viruses manifest themselves greening colors, mosaics, Curly, changes in the shape of leaves and inflorescences. Methods of treatment are not found. With a sick plant is better to leave. Virus Carriers - mites, aphids, cicadas.

As a preventive measure against bacterial, fungal, viral infections drugs used Appin, Zircon, fitosporin - M.

Pests on phlox and control

In the growth phase, flowering, great harm phlox applied pests.

  • slugs - devour the young leaves of the plant, destroying seedlings and sprouts. Unique voracity gastropods are not capable of causing considerable damage to mature plants. But at the time the shoots, they must be protected from slugs pollinate ground ash, mustard, lime. Destroy them will also help the emerald-blue granules popular means Groza, who dispersed on the site.
  • The larvae of the May beetle - strike roots. During the digging and loosening the need to carefully examine the roots, selecting the hulking, fat larvae.

  • thrips - small, dark flies, harm not only adults but also larvae. When traveling, they leave the narrow, whitish tracks on the petals, leaves, damage the surface. Thrips cope with broad-spectrum insecticides (Intal sup, Decis, Cantor et al.), On sale in the form of granules, aerosols, powders. Spraying these drugs are effective against many pests of phlox: caterpillars, whiteflies, listovortok, weevil, ognovok mites.

Routine inspection of plants to prevent the spread of disease, harmful insects. If slugs, caterpillars, weevil larvae bit, they can be collected by hand. When the total defeat of help only drastic action.

Many growers sprayed bushes infusion of wormwood, garlic, cloves, planted next to them marigold, calendula, which have the unique ability to scare away pesky insects to protect against fungal infections. However, the basis for successful cultivation phlox - compliance with the rules of agricultural technology, constant care.


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